Soft robotic devices have been developed by the scientists at the University of Illinois (UI) that are powered by neuromuscular tissue, which is kindled by light. The scientists, in a study, showed a new creation of 2-tailed bots driven by skeletal muscle tissue triggered by aboard motor neurons. Optogenetic properties—meaning the neurons, on contact with light, will fire to activate the muscles—are possessed by the neurons.
Taher Saif, Prof for mechanical science and engineering at UI, said, “An optogenetic neuron cell culture, obtained from mouse stem cells, neighboring the muscle tissue, was used by us. The neurons moved toward the muscle and neuromuscular junctions were created, and the swimmer came together by itself.” The scientist, after verifying the compatibility of neuromuscular tissue with their artificial biobot skeletons, functioned to optimize the capabilities of the swimmer.
Saif said, “Computational models were used by us to find out which physical characteristics would result in the most efficient and fastest swimming. Provided our neural control comprehension in animals, it might be likely to proceed with biohybrid neuromuscular design by utilizing a hierarchical arrangement of neural networks.”
The picture of this progress results in the building of multicellular engineered living systems with the capability to counter shrewdly to environmental signals for applications in medicine, self-healing materials, and bioengineering technologies. Saif said, “Just as twins are not actually alike, 2 machines devised to carry out the identical function won’t be the same. One might move quicker or mend from damage in a different way from the other, a distinctive feature of living machines.”
Likewise, getting motivated from the toy shelf and biology, a research team at City University of Hong Kong and Thayer School of Engineering at Dartmouth College has built a swimming bot with a light-managed cellular engine that can carry out highly targeted drug delivery. The biohybrid robot can be developed in a range of sizes spanning from numerous millimeters to dozens of centimeters.
Diane holds a Degree in Master of Advanced Study in Health Informatics. Her writings are mostly focused on developing a contemporary approach in the Healthcare sector that allows the combination of information technology, computer science, and knowledge management for the complete advancement of health services. Diane is actively present in the writing field from the last 2 years and holds a total of 4 years of experience in the Health sector. Before entering into the field of writing, she has worked as a Senior Informatics Analyst for about 2 years. At present, she serves as the Sr. Content Writer of the Health Department at Market Research 24.